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International aid group Doctors Without Borders said its field survey has found at least 6,700 Rohingya Muslims were killed between August and September in a crackdown by Myanmar’s security forces.

The group, known by its French acronym MSF, said in a statement made available on Thursday that it conducted the survey in refugee camps in Bangladesh. It estimated that at least 9,000 Rohingya had died of various causes in Myanmar’s Rakhine state between Aug. 25 and Sept. 24, and that more than 70 % of the deaths were the result of violence.

According to MSF, the dead included at least 730 children younger than 5.

More than 630,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled Buddhist-majority Myanmarinto Bangladesh to escape what the United Nations has called “ethnic cleansing.”

“The peak in deaths coincides with the launch of the latest ‘clearance operations’ by Myanmar security forces in the last week of August,” MSF medical director Sidney Wong said in a statement.

She said the findings were staggering, both in terms of the numbers of people who reported a family member dead as a result of violence and the horrific ways in which they said they were killed or severely injured.

MSF said that among children below the age of 5, more than 59 % who were killed during that period were reportedly shot, 15 % burnt to death in their homes, 7 % beaten to death and 2 % died due to land mine blasts.

Myanmar’s Information Ministry has said that 400 people died following attacks by a militant Rohingya group on police posts on Aug. 25. It said most of the 400 were “extremist terrorists” who died during military “clearance operations.”

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